Nutrition

Recovery without resilience? A novel way to measure nutritional resilience in Nepal, Bangladesh, and Uganda

Publication Type

Abstract

People in fragile environments face various shocks that negatively affect their nutrition. Many governments put policy mechanisms in place to promote recovery of households after adverse shocks; however, resilience is difficult to measure because some apparent recovery could be the result of statistical randomness and reversion to trends. This paper demonstrates a new approach to measuring nutritional resilience in a population.

Nutritional resilience in Nepal following the earthquake of 2015

Publication Type

Abstract

Background:

The 2015 earthquake in Nepal caused massive damages and triggered relief activities to minimize human suffering. The post-earthquake nutrition and food security situation in the hardest hit areas remains uncertain.

Methods:

Household Engagement in Both Aquaculture and Horticulture Is Associated with Higher Diet Quality than Either Alone

Publication Type

Abstract:

The consumption of high-quality diverse diets is crucial for optimal growth, health, and wellbeing.

Objective: This study assessed the diet quality of households by their type of engagement in homestead aquaculture and/or horticulture. Socio-demographic determinants of diet quality were also studied.

Preschool Child Nutritional Status in Nepal in 2016: A National Profile and 40-Year Comparative Trend

Publication Type

Abstract


Background: Preschool child anthropometric status has been assessed nationally in Nepal since
1975, with semi-decadal surveys since 1996, plus several recent, short-interval surveys to track
progress toward achieving a World Health Assembly (WHA) goal to reduce stunting to 24% by 2025.

Markers of Environmental Enteric Dysfunction Are Associated with Poor Growth and Iron Status in Rural Ugandan Infants

Publication Type

Abstract

Background

Environmental enteric dysfunction (EED), characterized by altered intestinal permeability/inflammation, microbial translocation, and systemic inflammation (SI), may be a significant contributor to micronutrient deficiencies and poor growth in infants from low-resource settings.

Objective

We examined associations among EED, SI, growth, and iron status at 6 mo of age.

Methods

Harnessing global fisheries to tackle micronutrient deficiencies

Publication Type

Micronutrient deficiencies account for an estimated one million
premature deaths annually, and for some nations can reduce gross
domestic product1,2 by up to 11%, highlighting the need for food
policies that focus on improving nutrition rather than simply
increasing the volume of food produced3. People gain nutrients from
a varied diet, although fish—which are a rich source of bioavailable
micronutrients that are essential to human health4—are often
overlooked. A lack of understanding of the nutrient composition

Engagement in agriculture protects against food insecurity and malnutrition in peri-urban Nepal

Publication Type

Urbanization is occurring rapidly in many low- and middle-income countries, which may affect households’ livelihoods, diet, and food security and nutritional outcomes.

The main objective of our study was to explore whether agricultural activity amongst a peri-urban population in Nepal was associated with better or worse food household security, household and maternal dietary diversity, and nutritional outcomes for children and women.