Journal Article

Effective nutrition governance is correlated with better nutrition outcomes in Nepal

Publication Type

Abstract

Background: The public health burden of undernutrition remains heavy and widespread, especially in low-income countries like Nepal. While predictors of undernutrition are well documented, few studies have examined the effects of political will and quality of policy or program implementation on child growth.

Recovery without resilience? A novel way to measure nutritional resilience in Nepal, Bangladesh, and Uganda

Publication Type

Abstract

People in fragile environments face various shocks that negatively affect their nutrition. Many governments put policy mechanisms in place to promote recovery of households after adverse shocks; however, resilience is difficult to measure because some apparent recovery could be the result of statistical randomness and reversion to trends. This paper demonstrates a new approach to measuring nutritional resilience in a population.

Maternal depression is associated with less dietary diversity among rural Nepali children

Publication Type

Abstract

Maternal depression has been associated with adverse child growth and development; less is known about its relation to children's diet. In a cross-sectional study embedded at endline of a longitudinal community development intervention, mothers of 629 children (age 23–66 months) in rural Nepal responded to household and children's diet questionnaires and were screened for depression. Child anthropometry and development (Ages and Stages Questionnaire) were assessed.

Season of Data Collection of Child Dietary Diversity Indicators may Affect Conclusions about Longer Term Trends in Peru, Senegal and Nepal

Publication Type

Abstract

Background

The WHO-UNICEF minimum dietary diversity (MDD) indicator for children aged 6–23 months is a global monitoring indicator used to track multi-year population-level changes in dietary quality, but the influence of seasonality on MDD estimates remains unclear.

Objective

Examine how seasonality of data collection may influence population-level MDD estimates and inferences about MDD change over multiple survey years.

Methods

Impact of a Multi-Sectoral Intervention Program on the Dietary Diversity of Smallholder Farmers in Uganda

Publication Type

Abstract

Nutritional deficiencies are a major contributor to lost productivity, impaired physical and mental development, susceptibility to various diseases, and premature deaths. Increasing dietary diversity is therefore an important strategy to improve development outcomes. This study investigates the impact of the Uganda Community Connector Project (UCCP) integrated nutrition, water-sanitation-hygiene (WaSH), rural credit and agriculture program on the dietary quality of smallholder farm households in Uganda.

The Risk Factors for Child Anemia are Consistent Across Three National Surveys in Nepal

Publication Type

Abstract

Background

Anemia is an etiologically heterogeneous condition affecting over half of preschool-aged children in South Asia. An urgent need exists to elucidate context-specific causes of anemia to effectively address this issue.

Objective

This study investigated national trends and stability in the prevalence of child anemia and associated risk factors from 2013–2016.

Design

Sustained intake of animal-sourced foods is associated with less stunting in young children

Publication Type

Abstract

The value of animal-sourced foods (ASFs) in providing key nutrients, particularly for child growth and where diets are of low quality, is understood mainly from cross-sectional assessment of current consumption. Longitudinal panel data from Nepal, Bangladesh and Uganda were used here to assess associations among previous (lagged) and contemporaneous ASF intake with linear growth of children aged 6–24 months.

Prevalence and associated factors of breastmilk aflatoxin M1 levels in mothers from Banke, Nepal

Publication Type

Abstract

Aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) is the hydroxylated metabolite of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) formed in the liver of mammals and subsequently excreted in breastmilk (BM) of mammals. Humans are exposed to AFM1 mainly through the consumption of aflatoxin contaminated milk and foods. Determining levels of AFM1 is of significant public health importance due to the risk of exposure to breastfeeding infants. The objective of this study is to determine the prevalence of AFM1 in BM and assess factors associated with BM AFM1 levels in mothers.

Dietary Diversity in Nepal: A Latent Class Approach

Publication Type

Abstract

Background:

Nutritional status has important implications for labor productivity, lifetime earnings, and country-wide economic development. Dietary diversity is an important contributor to nutrition.

Objective:

To identify how patterns of food consumption are related to dietary diversity and to measure the potential for policy interventions to influence diet complexity.