Research Briefs

Research Brief #8: Sanitation in Nepal: Links to Nutrition and Research Priorities

Published: October 2012 Authors: Patrick Webb, Jerry Shively, Prajula Mulmi
Globally, approximately 2.4 billion people do not have access to improved sanitation facilities, while 1.1 billion of those people practice open defecation (WHO 2012a; JMP 2012). Open defecation contributes substantially to the insanitary environment in which too many children grow up. About 2 million people die every year due to diarrheal diseases; most of them are children less than 5 years of age. Indeed, diarrhea is the second leading cause of death globally among children under 5, killing more young children than HIV/AIDS, malaria and...

Research Brief #7: Agriculture, Food Security, and Nutrition in Nepal: Taking Stock and Defining Priorities

Published: September 2012 Authors: Sudeep Shrestha, Swetha Manohar, Rolf Klemm
The intent of the symposium was to share, understand and assimilate country- relevant evidence about factors that contribute to causal pathways that lead from agriculture to nutrition, in national, regional and local contexts. A national call for abstracts was made to researchers conducting work across these diverse but connected fields to present their work. The event was attended by approximately 140 participants from the scientific, research, program, policy maker and development partner communities. The symposium sought to understand, from data relevant to Nepal, (a) aspects...

Research Brief #6: Aflatoxin

Published: August 2012 Author: Gerald Shively Journal: Nutrition Innovation Lab
This brief explains the sources of aflatoxin, its importance in nutrition-related research, and its effects on humans, animals, and economics

Research Brief #5: Integrating Agriculture and Nutrition Actions to Improve Maternal and Child Nutrition: Metrics for Coordinated Research

Published: July 2012 Author: Nutrition Innovation Lab
There is a great need to establish solid, empirical knowledge of the effects of integrated programs targeting agriculture, nutrition and health (ANH), which are often complex, multi‐sector interventions. In particular, there is a need to develop metrics and measures that will allow researchers within the realm of agriculture‐health to understand the barriers, facilitators and drivers of nutrition impact—and to be able to rigorously say why and how a program succeeded or failed, as well as draw more generalizable lessons about the combination of inputs and...

Research Brief #4: Impacts of Agriculture on Nutrition: Nature of the Evidence and Research Gaps

Published: June 2012 Authors: Patrick Webb, Eileen Kennedy
In the last few years, there has been a proliferation of interest in how to leverage agriculture to maximize its impacts on nutrition, particularly among mothers and children (USAID 2011; Herforth 2012). The belief that “agriculture contributes not just to food production, but also to human nutrition and health” (IFPRI 2012) is widely held, and it underpins ongoing efforts globally to “make agricultural policies and programs nutrition-sensitive.”(BMGF 2012) However, the search for solid empirical findings of ‘what works’ in this arena has been stepped up...

Research Brief #3: Nutrition CRSP Scientific Symposium: Agriculture, Food Security and Nutrition in Nepal: Taking Stock and Defining Priorities

Published: May 2012 Authors: Sudeep Shrestha, Swetha Manoha, Rolf Klemm
The Nutrition Collaborative Research Support Program (CRSP)- Asia through its partner, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, organized a two-day scientific symposium in Kathmandu, Nepal, co-hosted by the Department of Community Medicine and Public Health at the Institute of Medicine (IOM). The Nutrition CRSP is a multidisciplinary research consortium, which seeks to determine investments needed in agriculture, health and nutrition, institutional and human capacity development, and program development to achieve large-scale improvements in nutrition outcomes. The preliminary report of the 2011 Nepal Demographic Health...

Research Brief #2: Nutrition CRSP Stakeholder Meeting: Selected Conclusions on Research Priorities for Nepal

Published: April 2012 Author: Nutrition Innovation Lab
In the context of commitments shown by the Government of Nepal to addressing the country’s nutrition challenges, the National Planning Commission, in collaboration with the Nutrition Collaborative Research Support Program (N/CRSP), organized a two‐day stakeholders’ forum to discuss research priorities in nutrition, health, and agriculture. The forum (held on November 21/22 2011) brought together 115 participants from across Nepal’s Government (National Planning Commission, Ministry of Health and Population, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, Ministry of Education, and Ministry of Local Development), as well as key...

Research Brief #1: The Nutrition Collaborative Research Support Program (Nutrition CRSP): Planned Activities in Nepal

Published: March 2012 Author: Nutrition Innovation Lab
Collaborative Research Support Programs (CRSPs) represent a long‐standing form of US government funding for research that facilitates partnerships among US‐based and developing‐country scholars on agriculture, food and nutrition issues of policy relevance globally. The CRSPs receive core funding from the Bureau for Food Security of USAID, as well as buy‐ins from USAID Missions and other parts of the Agency. The Nutrition CRSP is the most recently‐established of 10 existing CRSPs. As the first in a series of summaries of key issues, aimed at communicating progress...