In Progress

Behavior Change for Early Childhood Nutrition: Effectiveness of Health Worker Training Depends on Maternal Information in a Randomized Control Trial

Published: April 2017 Authors: Prakarsh Singh, William Masters Journal: Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
We carry out a randomized control trial to test for interaction effects between training state-employed caregivers and providing mothers information to improve nutrition of preschool children aged 2-6 in rural India. Salaried caregivers are supposed to provide a mid-day meal and also advise mothers on health and nutrition for their child. Our one-day caregiver training covered basic health and nutrition facts with advice on how to communicate with mothers for behavior change at home. We find that this training was effective only when we provided...

Misreporting Month of Birth: Implications for Nutrition Research

Published: April 2017 Authors: Anna Folke Larsen, Derek Headey, William Masters Journal: IFPRI
IFPRI Discussion Paper 1617 Height-for-age z-scores (HAZs) and stunting status (HAZ<−2) are widely used to measure child nutrition and population health. However, accurate measurement of age is nontrivial in populations with low levels of literacy and numeracy, limited use of formal birth records, and weak cultural norms surrounding birthdays and calendar use. In this paper we use Demographic and Health Surveys data from 62 countries over the period 1990–2014 to describe two statistical artifacts indicative of misreporting of age. The first artifact consists of lower...

Agricultural correlates of linear growth and key modifiers among children under two years in rural Uganda

Published: May 2014 Author: Nilupa Gunaratna
Many sources have recently called for agricultural programs and policies to become more “nutrition-sensitive”, with the aim of harnessing agriculture to improve nutrition and health. Several researchers have described potential causal pathways through which agriculture could impact the nutrition and health of vulnerable populations. Stunting, or poor linear growth, particularly in young children is a key indicator. Reflecting chronic undernutrition, stunting can begin in utero, and studies have shown that it can be difficult to recover from faltering in linear growth during gestation and the...

Can Smallholder Fruit and Vegetable Production Systems Improve Household Food Security and Nutritional Status of Women?

Published: April 2014 Authors: Nassul Kabunga, Shibani Ghosh, Jeffrey Griffiths
This paper aims to empirically infer potential causal linkages between fruit and vegetable (F&V) production, individual F&V intake, household food security, and anemia levels for individual women caregivers of childbearing age. Using a unique and rich data set recently collected from rural smallholder Ugandan households, we show that the use of a qualitative tool to measure household food insecurity is robust and applicable in other contexts. We also show, using robust econometric methods, that women living in F&V-producer households have a significantly higher intake of...

Improved Dairy Cows in Uganda: Pathways to Poverty Alleviation and Improved Child Nutrition

Published: February 2014 Author: Nassul Kabunga
There is limited empirical evidence on the linkages between agrotechnologies, poverty reduction and the pathways to better nutrition outcomes. The introduction and dissemination of improved dairy cow breeds in Uganda is arguably the most significant step taken to develop a modern and commercial dairy industry in the country over the last two decades. This study uses a nationally representative sample of Ugandan households to rigorously examine the impact of adoption of improved dairy cow breeds on enterprise-, household-, and individual child-level nutrition outcomes. We find...

No Rice in the House: Risk Factors and Association with Nutritional Status of Nepalese 9-13 year olds

Published: January 2014 Authors: Raman Shrestha, Rolph Klemm, Keith West
The aim of the study is to examine the association between household characteristics and “rise insecurity” as a measure of food insecurity and to explore the relationship between rice insecurity and the nutritional status of children 9-13 years of age in a rural population in Sarlahi District of Nepal. Read the Document

Assessing the Linkage Between Agriculture, Food Security, Nutrition and Health Among Women and Children in Rural Ugandan Households

Published: March 2013 Author: Joyce Kikafunda Et Al. Journal: Unpublished
There is significant movement globally and in Uganda on addressing issues of nutrition and health in vulnerable populations including women and children. This is especially important since approximately 0.5 million women die each year of pregnancy related complications linked under nutrition, while more than 5 million pre-school children die of preventable causes due to the combined effects of disease and under nutrition. There is some progress being made globally, with 63 countries as of 2010 on track to achieve the First Millennium Development Goal (MDG)...