Journal Articles

Agriculture, nutrition, and health in global development: typology and metrics for integrated interventions and research

Published: February 2014 Authors: William A. Masters, Patrick Webb, Jeffrey K. Griffiths, Richard J. Deckelbaum Journal: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Despite rhetoric arguing that enhanced agriculture leads to improved nutrition and health, there is scant empirical evidence about potential synergies across sectors or about the mix of actions that best supports all three sectors. The geographic scale and socioeconomic nature of these interventions require integration of previously separate research methods. This paper proposes a typology of interventions and a metric of integration among them to help researchers build on each other’s results, facilitating integration in methods to inform the design of multisector interventions. The typology...

Letter to the Editor: Is the strength of association between indicators of dietary quality and the nutritional status of children being underestimated?

Published: January 2014 Authors: Andrew Thorne-Lyman, Donna Spiegelman, Wafaie W. Fawzi Journal: Maternal and Child Nutrition
The World Health Organization’s infant and young child feeding (IYCF) indicators were developed to fill multiple needs: to facilitate the assessment and comparison of IYCF practices across settings, to identify populations at risk and to evaluate the impact of interventions and measure progress towards achieving targets (World Health Organization 2008). Under- standing the relationships between these indicators and child anthropometric outcomes, as described in a recently published paper in Maternal & Child Nutrition (Jones et al. 2014), is relevant to many of these objectives because...

The prize and the price of good nutrition

Published: December 2013 Author: Patrick Webb Journal: Journal of Institute of Medicine
The global burden of disease is shifting rapidly. While in 1990, the top-ranked contributor to the global burden was child underweight, twenty years later we find that cancers and circulatory diseases contribute the most– accounting for 19% of global disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), with about a third of the total deriving from other non- communicable diseases (NCDs), including chronic respiratory, digestive, neurological, mental, endocrine, and other disorders1. By 2010, child underweight had dropped to 8th place in the ranking of contributors to the overall disease...

Afterword: Now is The Time

Published: September 2013 Author: Patrick Webb Journal: Karger Publishing
Chapter in The Road to Good Nutrition: A Global Perspective Does the world really need this book? Do the shelves of analysts and policymakers need the weight of yet another compendium of ideas, statistics and rhetoric? The answer, perhaps surprisingly, is yes. Such a book is needed now, more than ever, because it reflects the rapid convergence of opinion around priority problems and likely pathways towards solutions.

Evidence-based interventions for improvement of maternal and child nutrition: what can be done and at what cost?

Published: August 2013 Authors: Zulfiquar Bhutta, Jai Das, Arjumand Rizvi, Michelle Gaffey, Neff Walker, Susan Horton, Patrick Webb, Robert Black Journal: The Lancet Maternal and Child Nutrition
Maternal undernutrition contributes to 800,000 neonatal deaths annually through small for gestational age births; stunting, wasting, and micronutrient deficiencies are estimated to underlie nearly 3·1 million child deaths annually. Progress has been made with many interventions implemented at scale and the evidence for effectiveness of nutrition interventions and delivery strategies has grown since The Lancet Series on Maternal and Child Undernutrition in 2008. We did a comprehensive update of interventions to address undernutrition and micronutrient deficiencies in women and children and used standard methods to assess emerging...

Impact of tissue culture banana technology on farm household income and food security in Kenya

Authors: Nassul S. Kabunga, Thomas Dubois, Matin Qaim Journal: Food Policy
While tissue culture (TC) technology for vegetative plant propagation is gradually gaining in importance in Africa, rigorous assessment of broader welfare effects for adopting smallholder farm households is lacking. Using survey data and accounting for selection bias in technology adoption, we analyze the impact of TC banana technology on household income and food security in Kenya. To assess food security outcomes, we employ the Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS) – a tool that has not been used for impact assessment before. Estimates of treatment-effects...