Abstracts

Maternal HIV Infection, but not Food Insecurity, Predicts the Pattern of Weight Gain in Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Services in Northern Uganda

Published: April 2015 Authors: Barnabas Natamba, Elizabeth Widen, Patsy Brannon, Sautabh Mehta Journal: FASEB
In Sub-Saharan Africa, the differential impact of maternal HIV infection and/or food insecurity on the pattern of weight gain among pregnant women is unknown. To fill this gap, data on 402 pregnant women (33% HIV+ & participating in antiretroviral treatment) enrolled in a perinatal cohort study at Gulu Regional Referral Hospital in northern Uganda were analyzed.

Social Support Modifies Bidirectional Linkages Between Food Insecurity and Prenatal Depressive Symptoms while Domestic Violence Alters the Unidirectional Impact of Food Insecurity on Prenatal Depressive Symptoms

Published: April 2015 Authors: Barnabas Natamba, Shibani Ghosh, Sera Young Journal: FASEB
To inform perinatal nutrition and mental health interventions, we used a cohort study to: 1) examine the directionality of relationships between maternal food insecurity (MFI) and prenatal depressive symptoms (PDS); and 2) see if social support (SS) or domestic violence (DV) modify this relationship. We enrolled 403 Ugandan pregnant women (33% HIV+ on antiretrovirals)) in mid-gestation and assessed them monthly through delivery for MFI (IFIAS) and the PDS (CES-D) using validated scales.

Maternal food insecurity, anemia, and social support are independently associated with prenatal depression among HIV-positive and -negative women attending antenatal services in northern Uganda

Published: April 2014 Authors: Barnabas Natamba, Thomas Oyok, Sophie Mou, Shibani Ghosh, Rebecca Stoltzfus, Jeffrey Griffiths, Sera Young Journal: FASEB Journal
Limited data exist on prenatal depression in in high HIV burden resource-poor settings. Population: 403 pregnant clinic attendees at Gulu Hospital, Uganda. HIV (+) women were oversampled in a ratio of 1 HIV (+): 2 HIV

Association between household food insecurity and infant growth in rural Bangladesh

Published: April 2011 Authors: Muzi Na, Sucheta Mehra, Rolf Klemm, Parul Christian Journal: FASEB
Food insecurity is a global concern, yet its association with child growth is not fully understood. This study in rural Bangladesh explored associations between household food insecurity, using standardized questions, and infant growth. We asked a published 10-item, 6-mo household food insecurity questionnaire at 6 and 12 mo postpartum to 6,333 mothers participating in an antenatal micronutrient supplementation trial.