In Sub-Saharan Africa, the differential impact of maternal HIV infection and/or food insecurity on the pattern of weight gain among pregnant women is unknown. To fill this gap, data on 402 pregnant women (33% HIV+ & participating in antiretroviral treatment) enrolled in a perinatal cohort study at Gulu Regional Referral Hospital in northern Uganda were analyzed.
To inform perinatal nutrition and mental health interventions, we used a cohort study to: 1) examine the directionality of relationships between maternal food insecurity (MFI) and prenatal depressive symptoms (PDS); and 2) see if social support (SS) or domestic violence (DV) modify this relationship. We enrolled 403 Ugandan pregnant women (33% HIV+ on antiretrovirals)) in mid-gestation and assessed them monthly through delivery for MFI (IFIAS) and the PDS (CES-D) using validated scales.
The goal of aim 1 is to qualitatively assess existing agricultural and food storage knowledge and practices and quantitatively assess if knowledge and practices are associated with maternal aflatoxins exposure levels.
Limited data exist on prenatal depression in in high HIV burden resource-poor settings. Population: 403 pregnant clinic attendees at Gulu Hospital, Uganda. HIV (+) women were oversampled in a ratio of 1 HIV (+): 2 HIV
Objective: Describe the prevalence of anemia in Nepali non-pregnant women of reproductive age by agroecological zone and potential risk factors.
Food insecurity is a global concern, yet its association with child growth is not fully understood. This study in rural Bangladesh explored associations between household food insecurity, using standardized questions, and infant growth. We asked a published 10-item, 6-mo household food insecurity questionnaire at 6 and 12 mo postpartum to 6,333 mothers participating in an antenatal micronutrient supplementation trial.